Before knowing the short circuit, open circuit closed circuit, we need to know who knows what circuit.
If you look at the circuit above, you can see that it is a complete circuit. A battery source is provided with a load on the circuit.
Imagine that you think of a water-filled drum of 5 feet high and think that the drum is full of water and the water is falling to the ground with a drum. That is, the water is coming down to the ground below the height of the drum.
Since the height of the drum is 5 feet, the water is crossing the road by the drum to reach the ground. Now if you make a hole in the wall of the drum at a height of 5 feet from the ground, then the water of the drum will drop from the mouth of the drum, ie from the height of 3 feet to the ground from that hole of 5 feet high.
(1) In the beginning, when the water of the drum was falling to the ground with the face of the drum, the water had to cross the road 5 feet (because the height of the drum was 5 feet).
(2) But after you drill a height of 3 feet from the bottom of the drum, the water only crosses the road about 3 feet.
So here it is clear that the water is easy and because of finding a short road, it has chosen the short road of 5 feet, excluding the 3-foot long road. All instances of nature follow the same rules. All I want is to find the easy road and move on to its destination. All-natural ingredients, including water, electricity, light, always want to reach the destination on the easy road, not even you or I.
The electricity of a circuit is supposed to pass through a certain road through the cable, but if that road becomes short for any reason, then the power chooses the shortest road which causes the short circuit.
Let me explain a little more:
In my example, when the water was falling to the ground from a height of 5 feet by the drum, the speed of the water was low because the pressure of the water was lower on the surface of the drum. We know that the pressure of water increases as the gravity increases. That’s when you land on the drum wall 3 He made a hole in the height of the feet, then the water pressure increased and the water began to fall to the ground at higher velocities than ever before. If the pressure or pressure of the water increases, too much water may be released in a short time.
In the case of electricity, this is the case. Voltage is called electric pressure. If the voltage is increased, a large number of electrons can be transmitted in a short time, ie the flow or current of the electrons will increase. This phenomenon is similar to the example of a water drum.
As the current increases in the cone circuit, the circuit starts to overheat, ie, an additional load of current or current flows to the electric wire. In this way, when the current levels start to increase manifold, the electric current burns or sparking due to excessive load on the wire. We recognize this phenomenon in our daily life as a short circuit.
When you connect the positive end of the battery and the negative end to a small wire, you will see that sparking has begun. This is also a known example of a short circuit. Theoretically short circuits mean the impedance of the power flow inside the wires or the impedance goes down.
Theoretically Analysis: Short is an English word that means Bangla, short or short. Short-circuiting refers to a direct connection between any two terminals of a circuit. The power of the conductor is very low in resistance.
A short circuit refers to a circuit that is essentially a low resistance cable connection in the landscape of two conductors. This causes excessive current to flow through the short connection and burn the power source many times over.
An open circuit means that the circuit is open. An open circuit is a type of electric circuit in which the current flow of the current is closed.
When you turn the circuit on with a switch, it is a closed circuit and when you switch off it is an open circuit. The above circuit is an open circuit from which the current cannot flow. If a circuit is torn for any reason, it can no longer operate there.
Closed is an English word that stops the meaning of Bengali. The ideal circuit is basically called the closed circuit. A closed-circuit is a type of circuit where the current can flow continuously without any problem.
That is, it is open circuit such as open where current cannot flow, but the closed-circuit is a closed circuit where current can flow as the load is current.